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Coffee Facts That You Should Know About

A cup of coffee made from

Coffee is a global phenomenon that intertwines with culture, economics, and the environment. For many, it's a morning ritual, an afternoon pick-me-up, or a means of social interaction. However, there’s so much more to it than just being a caffeinated drink. Here are some facts you should know to make great coffee at home.


Coffee Extraction


Coffee extraction is the process of dissolving desirable flavours and compounds from coffee grounds into water. This delicate balance is the cornerstone of a perfect brew. Too little extraction leads to sour, underwhelming coffee, while too much can cause a bitter, harsh taste. Factors like grind size, water temperature, and brew time are crucial. A finer grind increases the surface area, speeding up extraction but risking bitterness if overdone. Conversely, coarser grinds offer a slower, more forgiving extraction. Water temperature between 90°C to 96°C is ideal, as hotter water extracts more quickly but can over-extract, while cooler water under-extracts. Lastly, brew time varies with methods, with espresso taking about 20-30 seconds and French press around four minutes. Balancing these elements is key to a harmonious cup.


Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)


Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) measure the concentration of all dissolved substances in a liquid, essentially indicating the 'strength' of the coffee. It's a critical concept for understanding extraction efficiency and flavour profile. TDS is a percentage; speciality coffee typically ranges from 1.15% to 1.35%. Higher TDS means a stronger, more extracted brew, while lower TDS indicates a lighter, possibly under-extracted coffee. Measuring TDS requires a refractometer, a tool used by baristas and enthusiasts to achieve consistency and understand their coffee better.


The Effect of Water on Coffee


Water is the unsung hero of coffee brewing, making up about 98% of your drink. Its mineral content, pH, and purity can dramatically alter the taste. Soft water can under-extract, leading to flat, uninspiring coffee, while hard water can over-extract and bring about a harsh taste. A balance of minerals, particularly magnesium and calcium, is vital for proper extraction. Moreover, clean, odour-free water is crucial as impurities can taint the flavour. Experimenting with filtered and bottled waters can reveal surprising variations in your coffee's taste.


The Role of Roast Levels


Roast levels significantly influence coffee's acidity, body, and overall flavour profile. Light roasts retain most of the original coffee bean characteristics, including higher acidity and more complex flavours. They are often preferred for manual brewing methods. Medium roasts strike a balance, reducing acidity while introducing more body and a balanced flavour. Dark roasts are less acidic but have a heavier body and deeper, often bittersweet or smoky flavours, prominent in many espresso blends. Understanding roast profiles can guide you to the coffee that best matches your palate.


The Impact of Coffee Origin


The origin of coffee plays a pivotal role in its flavour profile. Factors like climate, soil type, altitude, and processing methods contribute to the unique characteristics of coffee from different regions. For instance, African coffees, like those from Ethiopia, often have floral or fruity notes, reflecting their varied and rich environment. Latin American coffees might have nutty or chocolatey nuances, while Asian coffees can offer earthier, more herbal flavours. Single-origin coffees celebrate these distinct tastes, while blends can harmonise different regional characteristics to create a balanced cup.


Sustainable Coffee Practices


As coffee consumption grows, so does the impact on the environment and farming communities. Sustainable practices ensure that coffee production supports farmers, preserves ecosystems, and ensures a stable supply for the future. This includes shade-grown coffee, which preserves biodiversity, and organic farming, which avoids harmful pesticides. Fair Trade certification also plays a part in ensuring fair prices and community support for coffee growers. As consumers, choosing brands that value sustainability can contribute to a more ethical coffee industry.


Home Brewing Techniques


Mastering home brewing can open up a world of flavours and allow you to appreciate the nuances of coffee. Each method, from the precision of pour-over to the richness of the French press, offers a different experience. Variables like grind size, water temperature, and brew time can be adjusted to suit your taste. Exploring different coffee-to-water ratios can help you find your preferred strength and flavour profile. The journey of home brewing is one of experimentation and discovery, leading to a deeper appreciation and enjoyment of coffee.


Coffee is a complex and fascinating world, with each cup offering a unique experience influenced by various factors, from extraction methods to the origin of the beans. Understanding these aspects can transform your coffee routine into a more mindful and enjoyable ritual. Begin by exploring our selection of freshly roasted beans in Kent/ East Sussex. We’ve also got brew gear of different types, whichever level of expertise you may have.


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